Jobs in Africa
This webpage was created to help Africans find work. Below are some weblinks to help you find work in your local area. If you know of any others, please feel free to suggest them to us so that we can add them to these pages.
Otherwise, you can also work remotely from the comfort of your home by providing translations or other remote human resource work. If you would be interested in working from the comfort of your home, please fill in our quick application form to the right.
Or send your CV / application to 17,000 language translation companies.
Useful weblinks where to find work, jobs or employment in Africa:
- http://www.escapeartist.com/jobs8/africa.htm - many links for jobs and employment in Africa.
- http://www.jobs.co.za/ - classified job and employment ads focusing on South Africa.
- http://www.locanto.co.za/Jobs/J/ - a free classifieds site which offers jobs, internships and the opportunity to upload ones CV in South Africa and 39 other countries worldwide.
- http://www.findajobinafrica.com/findajobinafrica/index.jsp - a searchable jobs and employment database where employers can post ads and applicants look for work in Africa.
- http://www.bestjobs.co.za/ - an online searchable database where employers and applicants can advertise and look for jobs and employment in Africa.
- http://www.africaguide.com/work.htm - some useful links and forums where to find work in Africa.
- http://www.transitionsabroad.com/listings/work/shortterm/africa.shtml - short term work and employment in Africa, mostly for NGOs, charities, and volunteer work.
- http://www.quintcareers.com/Africa_jobs.html - job and career resources for work in Africa. Links to useful sites.
- http://www.4icj.com/Africa/ - a list broken down by individual countries of Africa, to help you find employment there.
- http://www.jobs.ac.uk/categories/africa-jobs - freely viewable job postings from the UK of work available in Africa.
- http://www.eslemployment.com/esl-jobs/africa/ - job site focusing on English teachers looking for work in Africa.
- http://www.careerjunction.co.za/ - Claims: 16,015 jobs from 700 companies, 704,559 registered CareerSeekers, 1,845 visitors online. Focusing on South Africa.
- http://www.scienceinafrica.co.za/Jobs/jobs.htm - Science related jobs available in Africa.
Jobs or Employment in Africa through Classified ads and Newspapers
They call it "Mother Africa", which is justified considering that we have all
descended from it. In fact, this continent of mother Africa was embedded with all the
other continents into a larger supercontinent called
Pangaea about 250 million years ago. But this is not when we as a human
species would have originated. Rather, this happened about five million years
ago with the evolution of the hominids, which were still very similar to their
cousins - the great African apes. Actually, Africa is the birthplace of both the
hominin subfamily and the genus Homo, including eight species of which only the
homo sapiens remains.
|There was apparently a time in Africa when
blonde haired Caucasians stood next to the tanned skin, next to those as
black as night. Africans are the only humans to carry all four gene
characteristics < , where the remaining people hold only some portions of
As Africa began to dry up, the forests retreated, creating the open
planes of the savanna, where the hominid had an advantage over the apes
because they could travel on twos instead of fours.
Around 2 million years ago the Homo Habilis evolved, which was the first
to use tools and which enabled it to regularly eat meat.
Around 1 million years ago the Homo Erectus evolved, who had a much larger
brain, developed many tools, and mastered the African plains, becoming one of
the continent’s most lethal predators. It was also the first homo to master the
making of fire and to leave the continent of Africa, populating the entire Old
World. <mention about Inuit looking like Chinese..>
Fossil records show Homo Sapiens living between 100,000 and 150,000 years ago
in southern and eastern Africa, where their exodus from Africa is shown through
linguistic, cultural, and lately computer genetic analysis. The hominids
actually began communicating on some basic level around 2 million years ago, but
around one million years ago the FOXP2 gene came into existence, giving the new
hominid greater communication skills and helping them cooperate on a greater
level, allowing them to eventually kill off the more primitive Neanderthal man
(also because they were better able to cope with the upcoming ice age). Besides
the use of tools, our communication skills and ability to cooperate gives us our
greatest advantage above all other animals.
|Once leaving Africa, communication between
the ever dispersing Homo Sapiens would have evolved further until we have
history of languages as has developed into what it is today.
With the end of the ice age around 10,500 BC, the Sahara had become a
fertile valley again, drawing to it Africa’s population from the interior
and coastal regions. But the dry climate returned around 5,000 BC, forcing
the population to move toward the Nile region in search of fertile ground.
Agriculture and domestication of animals evolved up to 3,000 BC, around when
the climate became dramatically drier and forced some populations to move to
the more tropical climate of West Africa.
Left: African Egypt expansion into the Middle East.
It was in northwest Africa that the Beaker culture originated, from which the
warrior mentality emerged. Eventually many from the Great Lakes region of Africa
would migrate and settle along the eastern Mediterranean to become the
Canaanites, from which came the Phoenicians, who gave us our alphabet. The
Phoenicians were the first great mariners and developed an extensive empire
across the Mediterranean, eventually setting up their capital in Carthage on the
north coast of Africa. It was there that they subdued the
Berber people, who
benefited greatly from trade. Carthage quickly grew into a great and unrivalled
city on the Mediterranean, until it was finally ransacked and destroyed in 146
BC by envious Rome many centuries later.
History of Ancient Egypt in Africa
In the Nile region over a period of 3 millennia (from around 3000 BC) reigned
the ancient Egyptian empire, which developed complex systems of irrigating the
Nile river, their own writing system (hieroglyphs - recognised as the world’s
oldest writing form) and culture until finally conquered by the Roman Empire in
31 BC (after it was ruled by Alexander the great for a certain period - although
he generally allowed freer self-administration in his conquered territories).
|The great river Nile, with its ability to
offer transport and by its fertile deposit of silt with every annual
flooding, enabled the peoples there to organise and become more efficient at
food production, opening up free labour for such ambitious pursuits as
pyramid building. The expanse of populations was so great that it was even
divided into Upper (up river) and Lower Egypt. The region was inhabited and
developed from as early as 11,000 BC, but in 3150 BC it was united under one
head by Menes, who became their first king.
This sophistication or water use and development of free
time due to high productivity (the complex irrigation system created one of
the main agricultural breadbaskets of the ancient world) led to many firsts
developed in Ancient Egypt: engineering and surveying (used to outline
pyramid bases), hydraulic cement, traditional empiricism, roots of the
scientific method, possibly the first alphabet, the decimal system, and
complex mathematical formulisations (not to mention coffee - from Ethiopia).
Glass making was highly developed in ancient Egypt, and recent explorations
have indicated that holes drilled into the sarcophagus, found in the great
pyramid, used drill speeds and bore rates that cannot be duplicated even today.
Other areas of question not yet answered by archaeologists and scientists alike
is whether they had some understanding of electricity, if they used engines or
batteries, or had some understanding of aerodynamics through the use of kites
and gliders. Many are convinced that extraterrestrial aliens helped them with
History of the Bantu People in Africa
Before the Bantu, the southern half of Africa is believed to have been
populated by Khoisan speaking people, today occupying the arid regions around
the Kalahari and a few isolated pockets in Tanzania; whereas Cushites and other
people speaking Afro-Asiatic languages inhabited north-eastern and northern
Africa. Northwestern Africa, the Sahara, and the Sudan were inhabited by people
Mande and Atlantic languages (such as the
Wolof) and other people speaking Nilo-Saharan languages.
|Bantu means "people" in many Bantu languages.
The Bantu had a distinct advantage because they developed a selection of
crops better suited to tropical Africa, a farming culture which helped them
to be more productive than the surrounding tribes, allowing them to support
a greater warrior base and eventually subdue the others. This theory has
also been supported by linguistic studies showing a high degree of
similarity among African languages in general. The Bantu encompass more than
400 different ethnic groups across Africa, united by a common language
family and, in many cases, by a common customs.
Theories suggest that the Bantu may have been forced to
migrate into the rainforest of Central Africa (phase 1 of expansion) due to
populations migrating away from the drying Sahara. A thousand years later
they began a more rapid and second phase of expansion beyond the rainforest
into southern and eastern Africa, followed by a third expansion based on new
agricultural techniques first developed in Zambia.
By 1000 AD the expansion had reached Zimbabwe and South Africa, where in
Zimbabwe a major empire was established with its capital in Great Zimbabwe and
which controlled north-south trade of gold, copper, precious stones, animal
hides, ivory, metal goods, and eventually slaves. The Arabs were long the main
slave merchants in Africa, but some chiefs partook in the practice as a means to
profit from clashes against other tribes. The slave trade scattered the Bantu
empire until its eventual demise between the 14th and 15th
centuries, its great capital left abandoned.
Enslavement of Africa
Another area where empires were formed was in West Africa, where important
trade routes and extensive fertile land nurtured their development. North Africa
also benefited from trade with other Mediterranean countries and was soon
incorporated into that cultural sphere through dominance by the Roman Empire,
and later by the Byzantine Empire.
|From the 8th century until the
late 16th century trade between with Mediterranean countries
across the Sahara Desert by caravans of Arabian camels created important
trade patterns and development.
Perhaps due to more fertile ground in Europe, higher
population growth there, and endless wars fuelling the technological arms
race, development progressed faster there, until a lack of space prompted
them to venture for new lands to expand to. This was started by the
Portuguese in Africa, but was soon followed by the other major European
powers. There was obviously much profit to be had from the trading of raw
materials, and the Europeans used their more sophisticated and advanced
weaponry to give them greater benefits of trade. The weapons were used to
enslave populations, which were in turn used to extract natural wealth and
increase profits. Intertribal factions were exploited to fuel the slave
trade, where coastal African tribes hunted Africans inland (in exchange for
metal cookware, rum, livestock, and seed grain) and helped exasperate the
Map of Africa in 1890.
The more developed Arab peoples infiltrated Africa from the east and were
themselves very active in the slave trade. Concerning Europe, a triangulation of
trade eventually developed with weapons shipped south, Africans shipped west to
the Americas (to be used as cheap labour while extracting the mineral wealth
found there), and from there raw materials were sent back to Europe for further
The Europeans carved up Africa, working inland from the coast and often along
compass readings or rivers, inadvertently dividing up traditional nations of
peoples who may have developed together along both banks of a major river. This
unnatural division of people eventually contributed to much of the conflict
presently visible in Africa today.
|On the southern tip of Africa a small pit
stop developed for mariners heading east to India and Asia for the purpose
of trading in spices. However, the temperate climate of the region similar
to Europe’s eventually led to its increased inhabitation by the Europeans.
Perhaps because Africans possess the mother of our genes and a more
robust gene pool, the continent was not afflicted so heavily by the European
diseases which practically obliterated the Americas. On the contrary, the
Europeans were afflicted by
mostly because they were accustomed to settling in lower valleys and along
rivers, where mosquitoes fester and where the epidemic was further
exasperated by the fact that Europeans tend to live in much tighter quarters
than do Africans. But with the enslavement of the continent the Africans
were also shuffled into the developing urban centers and now suffer the same
How the European powers carved up Africa.
With more endless European wars and lost battles, the losers often lost their
grip (either through lack of resources to protect them or through war reparation
agreements once another Europe-wide war was over) on their African colonies, who
frequently passed over control to another power (mostly in the favour of the
French and British).
The coastal regions became dotted with fortresses and ports which gained
great wealth for their controlling powers while raping and pillaging mother
Africa of much of its wealth - both material and human. Even now it is said that
poor countries possessing mineral wealth (such as oil) find such wealth rather a
curse because they get tangled in agreements beyond their control, get exploited
and run over by much more powerful nations, and become much worse off than if
the mineral wealth had remained undiscovered (take
East Timor as the most
Melting Pot of Cultures
As you can see, from the Bantu originally spreading across much of Africa,
the Egyptians up along the Nile, the Berber inland from the north, and
eventually the Europeans with their fortress cities and compartmentalisation of
Africa, the use of more advanced agricultural techniques and weaponry have been
instrumental in shaping the more recent history of Africa and its cultural
development in different areas. In the 7th century Arabs invaded
Egypt and swept their way westward, consuming the entire north and practically
obliterated any signs of Christianity there, even making it onto continental
Europe to the mountains of France. Of this entire region, Christianity (Coptic)
survived to some measure only in Egypt, mostly because of East Orthodox
Ethiopia, almost the only African nation to maintain an independent hold on its
territory throughout the long and bloody history of the continent (Ethiopia was
spared by the Arabs because of its history of harbouring early Muslim converts
against retaliation by pagan Arab tribes).
This Islamisation of the north has
had a profound affect on Africa’s further development and spread south through
trade and the camel across the Sahara, and along the east coast where the Arabs,
Persians and Indians maintained flourishing colonies.
The Turks, who conquered Constantinople in 1453, later established Algeria,
Tunisia and Tripoli. Morocco remained an independent and Arabised Berber state.
But camels don’t fair too well in dense rainforest, which is pretty well
where the southern stretch of Islamisation stopped.
However, as empires tend to go, the extent of the Islam empire across all of
the Mediterranean met its peak and Christian Europe turned the tides, forcing
the Muslims out of Spain, taking over North African countries and eventually
developed commercial ties with Egypt. From that time until well into the 19th
century, control of the northern coastal countries was unclear and often subject
to insurgencies by the Islam Moors, who were forced out of Spain.
Later, Egypt was occupied first by France, then by Britain, after which
Turkey tried to gain control but which led to an agreement and an independent
state, which from 1820 onward had free rule into Eastern Sudan. France took over
Algiers in 1830 and Egypt continued its expansion southward until it discovered
a great inland sea, sparking further interest for exploration by the Europeans,
who were very intrigued to learn of the source of the river Nile.
Meanwhile, in the southern half of the continent, Protestant missionaries
were performing their zealous expansionary work, often themselves converting to
explorers and pioneers of trade and empire, such as David Livingstone. In this
way, the last blank spots on the map of Africa were filled. Following the heals
of these missionaries and explorers were European railways, a technology which
helped open up the interior for further exploitation and the spread of different
With the greed of manufacturers and traders on the one hand, and the
philanthropic zeal to "Christianise the savage barbarians" on the other hand,
the continent was partitioned and allocated into foreign ownership on the
drawing tables of Europe (with the exception of Ethiopia and Liberia), without
the slightest consultation of the Africans it was affecting. In some areas the
conquests were primarily for economic reasons, while in other areas the dominion
included an immigration of whites and the setting up of new communities and
minority white-administered cities and zones. France even aspired to
incorporating Algiers into its motherland, inasmuch making it an integral part
of the European mainland.
But subduing Africa by white power alone was not sufficient but required the
cooperation of local tribes, who exploited this weakness to work out agreements
and strengthen themselves against other tribes. Inevitably such shifts in local
power structures created friction and instability.
Up to World War I
Germany jumped late onto the colonial board, and during WWI
the Africans witnessed the barbarity of European battles. Africans were summoned
to help and they quickly realised their strength, and the newly exposed weakness
of "invincible Europe". A new sense of African unity and pride developed because
of this, although European hold on the continent remained strong. Mussolini even
tried to take over Ethiopia, but this last unconquered African nation held out
and sent the Italian troops scattering westward.
Decolonisation and a New Africa
Then came WWII, where the demise of Germany’s influence in Africa fell with
hammer to nail in coffin, and by 1951 Libya was the first in a long domino to
free itself from the grips of colonial power (although Liberia, South Africa,
Egypt and Ethiopia were already independent.) Most other African countries
followed suit over the next two decades, sometimes with bitter wars, with the
remaining gaining independence through the 70s and 80s (the last, Eritrea, split
from Ethiopia in 1993). Many of the cities, even countries, originally founded
by whites were given new names.
But with a change of the guard, rebellions, and the ethnic and deep rooted
tensions which arose because of the arbitrary borders drafted in Europe,
instability in many parts of Africa ensued. Europe continued to profits from
Africa by selling arms to the many warring factions, leading to further
instability with the fumbling for new power. Even worse, some weapons, such as
land mines, made it difficult for farmers to grow crops and who were maimed or
killed in the process. Such instability, constant wars and lost arable land led
to broad starvation and suffering. Most recently, the nationalisation and nab
for land by president Robert MUGABE of Zimbabwe has led to a substantial decrease in crop
yields there due to the poor training of the new landowners, or simply because
the new owners profited shortsightedly by selling off all the captured farm
equipment, leaving the fields to rot. <study further>
Horrible atrocities were committed between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes in
Rwanda, a segregation of very similar people and first begun by the Belgians.