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## Stochastics
Stochastics comes from Greek estimation and studies mathematical procedures for examining random events. It concerns probabilities, statistics and random selection and was first introduced by Jacob Bernoulli. Statistical laws are also important for market research or for estimating voting results, and are used in such scientific disciplines as the study of the spread of diseases.
The theory of games is a new field which studies the strategic behaviour of players, which can simulate outcomes in politics or economics. There are two binding game rules, although there is no certainty but only certain probabilities from which we can assume certain behaviours and outcomes.
Stochastic algorithms are used also in programming languages. When processing data, exactly set methods of generating random numbers with individual commands are used. Translating Dutch Hungarian Translations Hungarian Dutch Translating Swedish Czech Translations Czech Swedish Translating Russian
## Statistics
The beginnings of statistics may be found in
ancient times, from the Romans and other cultured nations. At that time,
populations were counted, something which we find also in the bible. The word
statistics comes from the Latin word of
It was only until the 17
Today, statistics is defined as a scientific method used for arithmetical-mathematical processing and for assessing mass phenomena. It plays an important role in planning and managing the economy, industry, trade, transport, in politics, in natural and humanitarian sciences, and in many other fields. Statistics is also used to present various results, used in bar graphs and circle diagrams or in multicoloured tables - all to help us understand the world around us. However, it is important that the individual results and calculations were made correctly and suitably interpreted. As with any other science, statistics operates on various fundamental rules and definitions.
In this manner, a summary of some observance or attempts conducted under identical conditions is called the whole, where the individual attempts or observations are called elements of the whole. If some random quantities or the variable x or y can be described within a whole as a distribution according to the function F(x), then we say that the aggregate distribution of F(x) has the variables x or y.
Statistics always concerns the final quantity
of elements in a whole, or qualitative homogeneous elements referred to as a
If objects or some factual content are
compared and only the size of certain variables (“larger than”, “smaller than”
or “same) is examined, we refer to it as order or value gradation. If studying
the difference in sizes of individual objects, we require
When statistically processing empirical data,
it must first be quantified, such as with a value scale which would be
portrayable and measurable. By calculation we then determine the
With a set of ordinal numbers, the following
can be assigned:
For example, we can set the percentage occurrence distribution when rolling four dice. When throwing a total of 1300 dice (n), we can determine the number of thrown sixes.
Sixes 0 1 2 3 4 Throws 627 499 151 20 3
In this case, the |