Slovakian to English Translations Translator

  • native English speaker with more than 15 years of experience translating from Slovak into English (also from Czech and French - studied the latter for 12 years in Canada)

  • during this time have built up an extensive database of more than 7,000 translators the world over, so any other language combination, including into Slovak, is not a problem

  • with my extensive Slovakian contacts I can consult or commission their help (or my other Slovak to English translators) to achieve the most varied of subjects, carefully supervising the management process to achieve optimum quality

  • with a selected team of translators I can handle large projects in short periods of time (such as some very large projects I have managed in the past)

  • have extensive experience with managing large projects in Transit Termstar, the best translation memory tool on the market. Required software for larger or ongoing projects in order to maintain terminology and consistency, especially if several translators are required.

  • check out a long list of satisfied customers below!

Below that you will find interesting information I have compiled about the Slovakian language, its history and development, and some interesting nuances between the Slovak and English languages, and what problems that may incur in the translation process. Or to customers who may be dismayed by a looser translation which sounds better in the target language but which does not exactly reflect the original.


Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

- Bachelors of Honours in Economics

Work Experience

  • for the past 20 years owned and operated a Translation Agency during which time I have translated (and proofread) for various customers and other translation agencies (details below)

Subjects of Translation

  • marketing (preferred), general

  • economics and finance

  • computers (hardware and software) and telecommunications

  • technical (I also studied engineering and understand technical matters)

  • pharmaceutical

Available Software

  • Word XP, WordPerfect

  • PDF Writer to edit PDF files

  • Corel, Adobe (PageMaker, FrameMaker, InDesign etc.)

  • Transit, Trados

  • FineReader OCR

Karel Kosman

[email protected]
or contact form


Czech-Republic-coat-of-arms.png (146975 bytes)


Owning a translation agency gives me access to thousands of translators and the experience to handle larger projects and multiple translators, when required (including other language combinations). I have extensive experience with Transit (translation memory software) and farming out large projects to many translators, using the software to unify terminology and proofreaders to keep quality consistent. My largest project to date is 5 million words in 11 languages which needed to be translated within one month for Dupont.
I can also use my resources for help with terminology in areas I am not so familiar with, or to farm out such translations to these translators directly.


  • The European Union (January to July, 2009)
    A big project for the Czech ministry concerning the upgrading of sewage systems in Moravia and funded by the EU. Very strict terminological requirements, aided by translation memory software.
    Reference: - Lucie Kraglova

  • (spring, 2008)
    Translated most of their pharmaceutical and marketing material, and in the process built up a large translation memory of confirmed and researched pharmaceutical terms.
    Reference: Ben Tallis - bctallis [AT]

  • During this interim period I managed many large multi-language projects and only had time to translate for some of my regular clients.

  • British Council (May 2002 to Dec. 2004)
    Monthly magazine publication in both Czech and English of cultural events in the Czech Republic.
    Reference: Radka Zoubelová - Národní 10, Prague 1

  • Prague Breweries a.s. (majority owned by Bass of Britain) - June 16, 1997 to 2001
    Translated about 2500 words per day of newspaper articles concerning the beer brewing industry. Reference: Diana Dobalova, press spokeswoman for Prague Breweries, tl. 5719 1602

  • Metal Consult a.s.
    Translated several 50,000 word documents and numerous smaller documents concerning the construction of metallurgical plants by NOVÁ HUT a.s. OSTRAVA for ICF Kaiser Netherlands B.V., an American based company.
    Reference: Mr. Kostálek, Mr. Saidl, tl. 2422 9010, 2421 2067

  • Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade
    25,000 word report describing the Czech economic situation, July 4, 1997.
    Reference: Mr. Plandor, tl. 2485 3157, 2485 3137

  • Czech Statistics Office
    20,000 page official statistical report of the Czech Republic economy.

Other companies for whom I have translated:

  • BMC a.s., export arm of TCEHCOMALT, Mrs. Kociánová, tl.: 440 16 103

  • McCann-Erickson, Ariane Synovitz, tl.: 37 08 73

  • AMI Communications

  • CKD Praha DIZ

  • WG&M

  • Hill & Knowlton

  • Coca Cola East Central Europe

  • and many translation agencies, in the most varied subjects

You may view my remaining skills through the
online CV resume of Karel Kosman

History of the Slovakia

Slovakia has a population slightly greater than five million people and is located in Central Europe, just east of the Czech Republic.

The earliest evidence of human habitation in the area is from archaeological artifacts dating back to 270,000 BC, in the early Paleolithic Era. The most famous archaeological discovery was of a female statue (Venus of Moravany) carved from mammoth bone and dating back 22,800 BC. Other artifacts of that age give evidence of trade between Central Europe and the Mediterranean.

Slovakia entered the bronze age from 2000 to 800 BC and became a major producer of copper, this success resulting in a marked increase in the population and construction of fortresses. But the power generated from this trade was squashed as Thrace and, later, Celtic tribes attacked from the south during the later part of the Iron Age.

Celtic dominance in turn gave way to Germanic incursions, and eventually to expansion of the Roman Empire, which set its foothold in the area around 6 AD.

But even this mighty power was overthrown, this time by the Huns of Central Asia during the second and third centuries. This lasted until 453, when Attila died.

With the Asians gone the Germanic tribes filled the void, settling the area during the 5th and 6th centuries.

In 568 a nomadic tribe, the Avars, invaded and settled the area, established an power base and even made encroachments into the Byzantine Empire. In 623 the Slovakian population seceded from the empire and, after the Avars and Persians failed to capture Constantinople, their grip on the region slowly faded until the end of their reign in 804.

Most historians believe that the Slavic tribes began populating the area around the 6th century, although some archeological evidence points to their existence their as early as thousands of years BC. Their existence was also mentioned by occasional historical writers throughout the centuries. Ancient German-Slavic and Celtic-Slavic settlements have also been found in northern Slovakia.

The first real presence of the Slavs in Slovakia was in 623 when they were united by King Samo during his overthrow of the Avars, and later the Frankish army in 631. But this fame was short-lived, ending in 665 with the king’s death and when the Slavs rejoined the Avars.

In the 670s archaeological evidence indicates that a Slavic upper class began to form and which later led to the creation of Great Moravia. The Avars held onto their reign until 803, when they were overthrown by the Slavs with the help of Charlemagne. With this a Slavic foothold began to take form around Nitra, extensive settlements developing well into the 9th century.

From 830 the Slavic people were united and gave birth to Great Moravia, which attained a certain degree of independence from the Frankish and Byzantine empires. The Byzantines sent teachers to interpret Christianity in the local dialect, and Saint Cyril developed the first Slavic alphabet, translating the Gospel into the Old Church Slavonic language. Great Moravia continued to expand until it peaked in 894, when it is said to have covered modern-day Moravia, Slovakia, northern and central Hungary, Lower Austria, Bohemia, Silesia, Lusatia, southern Poland and northern Serbia.

This peak came to an end with the death of King Svatopluk, as the realm was divided among his two sons, whose bitter rivalry resulted in internal conflict that weakened the empire until it lost its peripheral territories.

By 907 the Hungarians were waging war against the Bavarians, which led to the official end of Great Moravia. But the empire left a lasting legacy in terms of an alphabet disseminated among surrounding Slavic populations, and by its cultural footprints.

The Hungarians continued to exercise their power over the region until 970, when they were crushed by the Germans. But until then the Hungarians conducted raids into present-day Italy, Germany, France, Spain and the Byzantine Empire. Even though this defeat stopped the Hungarians from their constant raids, they continued to maintain administration over the Slovakian lands until the 12th century. By this time Slavs from neighbouring Poland and Moravia began to settle in Slovakia and the region developed independent prosperity with the discovery of rich stores of raw materials, such as gold, silver, copper, iron and salt, which led to the formation of a healthy mining industry.

Prosperity continued until 1241, when the Mongols entered Europe and devastated the north-western parts of Slovakia. They left a year later and fortresses were strengthened, but the later part of the 13th century was characterized by discords among the royal families as aristocratic power was on the rise. This shifted the power base to local nobility (“noble counties”), but who in turn were not able to stop the rise of the oligarchs.

Aristocratic rule continued to gain strength, favouring, as was the tradition, the Germanic populations settled in the area. But in the 14th and 15th centuries, with the ascension of King Charles I, a shift began towards greater status and support of the Slavic population. Later kings mortgaged many “Saxon” towns to the Polish, who held onto them until 1769.

Now the Ottomans had a go on the European continent, but who failed to extend their rule much beyond present-day Hungary. Slovakia and northern Croatia succeeded in resisting occupation and the “Royal Hungary” established its capital in Slovakia’s present capital of Bratislava, until 1848. But this resistance proved costly, as it marked the frontier battlefield between the Europeans and the Turks. The region was depleted of much of its wealth to fund the war resistance, and the population often suffered double taxation.

Eventually the Ottomans were ousted from Europe and the Habsburg Monarchy moved its capital back to Budapest, but the Slovak people remained strong because much of the bloodshed was spilt by the predominantly Hungarian population located in the southern region of the country.

During the 18th century the Slovak National Movement emerged, and although there remained resistance by entrenched Hungarian interests, this movement was supported by Czech counterparts, who sought to bring the two languages (Czech and Slovak) closer together. The Slovak language was further developed until it was accepted officially by both the Catholics and Lutherans in 1847.

In 1848 the Hungarian Revolution broke out against the Austrians. Many Slovaks sided and fought with the Austrians to fulfill their aspirations of independence from the Hungarians. The Hungarian uprising was defeated and administrative control of some parts of Hungary were handed to the Slovaks. The Slovaks took advantage of the weakened Hungarians to further their nationalistic aspirations, culminating in the formation of the Slovak National Party in 1871.

But this fervour of independence was rather short-lived, because the Hungarians and Austrians came to a compromise to form Austria-Hungary. Because of Slovakia’s betrayal during the 1848 revolution, the Hungarians greatly mistrusted them and dissolved many of their institutions.

But by the end of the 19th century the Slovaks regained their independence momentum, this time with great support by the Czechs, when the concept of Czecho-Slovak Mutuality was born in Prague in 1896, eventually leading to the secession of Slovakia from Hungary.

Democratic forces were rising, which increased strain on the monarchy and Slovakia’s ties to Hungary. Deadly revolts broke out in the streets and used in propaganda campaigns against Astria-Hungary. A last ditch attempt at incorporating Slovakia into Austria-Hungary through federalization of the monarchy was made by Archduke Ferdinand. Unfortunately, his efforts were cut short by his assassination, which sparked World War I.

This major conflict gave rise to stronger autonomous aspirations and the Slovaks joined with the Czechs to form a Czecho-Slovak republic, strongly backed by many Slovaks living on foreign soil, such as in the US and Russia. But the greatest contribution was made by a French citizen of Slovak origin, Milan Rastislav Štefánik, who served as a French general and was a leading representative of the Czecho-Slovak National Council based in Paris. The Hungarians attempted to stifle news of such events outside of the country but reports trickled through nevertheless and inflamed great confidence for the cause.

The turbulence of great war led to the dissolution of Austria-Hungary and the opportunity was seized by the Prague National Committee when it declared an independent Czechoslovakia on 28th of October, 1918, at the end of the war. The Slovak National Council consented and the new country encompassed the lands of Bohemia, Moravia, a small part of Silesia, Slovakia, and Carpatho-Ukraine, its new capital in Prague.

However, for strategic and economic reasons, the Paris Peace Conference ruled to shift the Slovak-Hungarian border south, as such absorbing a population of 570,000 Hungarians into the newly formed Czechoslovakia (almost 30% of the Slovakian population).

In any case, the glee of Slovakians for their newfound independence from Hungary quickly took a sour note. First of all, Slovakians were more agrarian as opposed to the industrial powerhouse of the Czechs, they were outnumbered two to one, they were less educated, were devout Catholics as opposed to the predominantly atheistic Czechs, and now the centralized government was located in distant Prague.

Czechoslovakia was the only east/central European country to function as a democracy, but suffered from discontent by its minority German population, while Slovakian interests sought independence, achieving so in 1939. Up until then the Czechs tried to help the Slovaks industrialise, but this effort was hampered by the global depression of the 1930s and the Slovaks felt bitter due to a perceived economic dominance by the Czechs.

The peaceful period between the first two world wars was coming to an end, Germany was rising in power and, in the Munich Agreement of 1938, won concessions from France, Italy and the UK to force the Czechs to surrender Sudetenland to Germany and the Slovaks their southern borders to Hungary.

In March of 1939 the Slovak Republic became nominally independent, but under Nazi German administration. The next day the Germans invaded and took control of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, while Carpatho-Ukraine declared its independence from Slovakia. But the Hungarians marched in to take back what they controlled before 1920, and then some from Eastern Slovakia, leading to the brief Slovak-Hungarian War.

During the early part of WWII the Slovaks enjoyed their independence under Nazi administration, fighting symbolically for them against the Russians and Polish. As part of their allegiance to the Nazis, the Slovak’s agreed to surrender much of their Jewish population, 57,000 of them sent to German occupied Poland, where they were almost all executed. But when the Slovaks heard of this they put a stop to the deportation of the country’s remaining 24,000 Jews, although 12,600 were still deported by the occupying German forces following the Slovak National Uprising in 1944. Some 10,000 Slovak Jews escaped this horrible fate when they were hid by locals, with a further 6-7,000 officially protected by the Slovak authorities.

The Slovaks once again joined forces with the Czechs, this time to expel the German army, although at great cost and with help from the Red and Romanian armies. By 1945 Bratislava was occupied by Soviet troops.

After the second world war the Hungarian minority in Slovakia suffered further disenfranchisement, and 62% of the Slovakian population voted for the Democratic Party. But the greater population of the Czechs voted for the Czechoslovak Communist Party, forcing the Slovakian population to become a satellite state of the Soviet Union.

Four decades of firm communist grip followed, until in 1968, a Slovak by the name of Alexander Dubček and First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia paved the way for the Prague Spring by proposing extensive reforms in the shape of “socialism with a human face”. Communist interests felt he had gone too far and troops were drawn from Russia, Hungary, Bulgaria, East Germany and Poland to restore strict communist rule in Czechoslovakia.

Since the bulk of the liberation movement originated in Prague, Slovakia saw little change with the new, strict rule and in fact experienced greater prosperity than their Czech counterpart, who were repressed under “normalization” efforts and suffered a long period of stagnation. This relative prosperity continued through the 1970s until the present day.

But liberal forces festered away in the Czech part of the country, culminating in the Velvet Revolution of 1989. Communist rule in the country was shattered, and so eventually was the country, with a peaceful separation in 1992. Polls say that the peoples of both countries preferred to stay together, but political ambitions differed. Czechoslovakia’s president, Vaclav Havel (a playwright and formerly jailed dissident under Communism), remained president of the Czech Republic, while an acting prime minister was formed for each country. Both prime ministers are said to have gained great wealth during the capitalization and sale of family silver shortly after the dismantling of the Soviet Union.

Since then Slovakia has joined the European Union, the Schengen Agreement, and has adopted the Euro as its currency (unlike the Czechs). Although its currency has weakened against the Czech’s following separation, the country has experienced stable prosperity (now dubbed the “Tatra Tiger”) and many large manufacturing firms, such as in the auto industry, have set up shop there (since 2007 Slovakia has been the world’s largest producer of cars per capita).

Slovakia achieved high growth rates of as much as 14% (the highest of all OECD countries in 2006) and by 2008 switched from being an aid receiver to an aid provider for the World Bank. It is a beautiful, clean and mostly forested country attracting much tourism due to its famous mountain range and close proximity to Western Europe.

Interesting Slovak Translation Links - The dictionary I like to use the most for my translations. - Another online dictionary similar to the one above but with English menus. - You are a very welcome visitor here, at English - Slovak Online Dictionary! Please have a try using our extensive language databases. We have designed these pages so that you can easily get instant back translations, for more complete understanding. You provide the words - we do the translating! The power of having online dictionaries at your fingertips feels good, so enjoy the experience! - A free online Slovak to English dictionary and many other language dictionaries. - Below you can check possible translations. Select from menu your source language and application will show you all possible translations for that language.


Background picture: a mosaic of an archway in the Prague castle.
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